Daily Bread for 5.30.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Memorial Day in town will be sunny with a high of eighty-four. Sunrise is 5:19 AM and sunset 8:25 PM, for 15h 06m 40s of daytime. The moon is a waning crescent with 39.3% of its visible disk illuminated.

Whitewater’s Memorial Day parade begins at 10:30 AM, traveling from the corner of Main and Fremont Streets to American Legion Post 173 at 272 Wisconsin Street.

On this day in 1911, the first Indianapolis 500 takes place.

On this day in 1971, Mariner 9 leaves for Mars:

Mariner 9 (Mariner Mars ’71 / Mariner-I) was an unmanned NASA space probe that contributed greatly to the exploration of Mars and was part of the Mariner program. Mariner 9 was launched toward Mars on May 30, 1971[1][2] from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and reached the planet on November 14 of the same year,[1][2] becoming the first spacecraft to orbit another planet[3] — only narrowly beating the Soviets’ Mars 2 and Mars 3, which both arrived within a month. After months of dust storms it managed to send back clear pictures of the surface.

Mariner 9 returned 7329 images over the course of its mission, which concluded in October 1972.


A schematic of Mariner 9, showing the major components and features. Via Wikipedia.
A schematic of Mariner 9, showing the major components and features. Via Wikipedia.

Daily Bread for 5.29.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Sunday in town will be partly sunny with a high of seventy-nine.  Sunrise is 5:19 AM and sunset 8:25 PM, for 15h 05m 21s of daytime.  The moon is in its third quarter, with 50.2% of its visible disk illuminated.

Friday’s FW poll asked about weekend grilling choices (with multiple selections possible).  Respondents picked beef most often, followed with chicken selected about half as often.

On this day in 1953, two explorers reach the top of the world:

At 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay, a Sherpa of Nepal, become the first explorers to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which at 29,035 feet above sea level is the highest point on earth. The two, part of a British expedition, made their final assault on the summit after spending a fitful night at 27,900 feet. News of their achievement broke around the world on June 2, the day of Queen Elizabeth II’s coronation, and Britons hailed it as a good omen for their country’s future.

On this day in 1848, Wisconsin becomes America’s 30th state:

1848 – Wisconsin Enters the Union
On this date Wisconsin became the 30th state to enter the Union with an area of 56,154 square miles, comprising 1/56 of the United States at the time. Its nickname, the “Badger State,” was not in reference to the fierce animal but miners who spent their winters in the state, living in dugouts and burrowing much like a badger. [Source: “B” Book I, Beer Bottles, Brawls, Boards, Brothels, Bibles, Battles & Brownstone by Tony Woiak, pg. 37]

Daily Bread for 5.28.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Saturday will be cloudy with scattered thunderstorms and a high of eighty-one. Sunrise is 5:20 PM and sunset 8:24 PM, for 15h 03m 57s of daytime. The moon is a waning gibbous with 61.1% of its visible disk illuminated.

On this day in 1754, Lt. Col. George Washington finds himself at the beginning of the Seven Years’ War:

…a 22-year-old lieutenant colonel of the Virginia militia named George Washington successfully defeats a party of French and Indian scouts in southwest Pennsylvania as Virginia attempts to lay claim to the territory for its own settlers. The action snowballed into a world war and began the military career of the first American commander in chief.

The Ohio Valley had long been a contested territory among French Canadians, various Indian groups and the British colonies of Pennsylvania and Virginia. When the French began to establish fortifications along the river and refused Virginia’s written demand that they depart, Virginia’s governor, Robert Dinwiddie, dispatched Washington to complete and defend a Virginian fort at the forks of the Ohio.

Upon their arrival, Washington discovered that a scouting party led by the French ensign, Joseph Coulon de Jumonville was nearby. Fearing that Jumonville was planning an attack, Washington struck first, successfully ambushing the small party. In one of history’s murkier moments, Jumonville was murdered by Washington’s Indian ally, Tanaghrisson, while the monolingual Washington struggled to interrogate the French-speaking Canadian….

Daily Bread for 5.27.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Friday in town will see scattered thunderstorms and a high of seventy-seven. Sunrise is 5:20 AM and sunset 8:23 PM, for 15h 02m 30s of daytime. The moon is a waning gibbous with 71.7% of its visible disk illuminated.

On this day in 1703, Peter the Great founds St. Petersburg:

After winning access to the Baltic Sea through his victories in the Great Northern War, Czar Peter I founds the city of St. Petersburg as the new Russian capital.

The reign of Peter, who became sole czar in 1696, was characterized by a series of sweeping military, political, economic, and cultural reforms based on Western European models. Peter the Great, as he became known, led his country into major conflicts with Persia, the Ottoman Empire, and Sweden. Russian victories in these wars greatly expanded Peter’s empire, and the defeat of Sweden won Russia direct access to the Baltic Sea, a lifelong obsession of the Russian leader. With the founding of St. Petersburg, Russia was now a major European power–politically, culturally, and geographically. In 1721, Peter abandoned the traditional Russian title of czar in favor of the European-influenced title of emperor. Four years later, he died and was succeeded by his wife, Catherine.

On 5.27.13, explorers Marquette & Joliet reach Green Bay:

Towards the end of May, 1673, the two explorers reached the site of modern Green Bay. “Embarking then in our canoes,” Marquette wrote in his journal, “we arrived shortly afterward at the bottom of the Bay des Puants, where our Fathers labor successfully for the conversion of these peoples, over two thousand of whom they have baptized while they have been there.” Read what they encountered there, as well as what the old French name “Puants” means, in our [Wisconsin Historical Society] pages devoted to Historic Diaries.

A Google a Day asks a history question: “What Frankish ruler is associated with the Carolingian Renaissance?”

Daily Bread for 5.26.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Thursday will bring scattered thunderstorms and a high of eighty-six to Whitewater. Sunrise is 5:21 AM and sunset 8:22 PM, for 15h 01m 01s of daytime. The moon is a waning gibbous with 80.5% of its visible disk illuminated.

Whitewater’s Seed Capital Screening Committee meets at 3:30 PM, and the Community Development Authority Board at 5 PM.

On this day in 1927, a production run (1908-1927) at Ford Motor Company ends:

1919 Ford Model T pickup
1919 Ford Model T pickup

…Henry Ford and his son Edsel drive the 15 millionth Model T Ford out of their factory, marking the famous automobile’s official last day of production.

More than any other vehicle, the relatively affordable and efficient Model T was responsible for accelerating the automobile’s introduction into American society during the first quarter of the 20th century. Introduced in October 1908, the Model T—also known as the “Tin Lizzie”—weighed some 1,200 pounds, with a 20-horsepower, four-cylinder engine. It got about 13 to 21 miles per gallon of gasoline and could travel up to 45 mph. Initially selling for around $850 (around $20,000 in today’s dollars), the Model T would later sell for as little as $260 (around $6,000 today) for the basic no-extras model.

A Google a Day asks a question about architecture: “What is the most famous design in Rome by the architect credited with introducing High Renaissance style to the city?”

Film: When a Town Runs Dry

Stratford, California, is located in the Central Valley—where years of drought threaten the livelihood of the community. Lack of water in the region has severely decreased crop yields for farmers, meaning fewer jobs in rural communities. In this short documentary by Joris Debeij and Emmanuel Vaughan-Lee, Stratford residents mull over what the decrease in food production means for the small farming town.

Via The Atlantic.

Daily Bread for 5.25.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Midweek in town will be warm with scattered thunderstorms, and a high of eighty-two. Sunrise is 5:22 AM and sunset 8:21 PM, for 14h 59m 28s of daytime. The moon is a waning gibbous with 88.1% of its visible disk illuminated.

Whitewater’s Tech Park Board meets at 8 AM.

On this day in 1977, Star Wars opens:

The incredible success of Star Wars–it received seven Oscars, and earned $461 million in U.S. ticket sales and a gross of close to $800 million worldwide–began with an extensive, coordinated marketing push by Lucas and his studio, 20th Century Fox, months before the movie’s release date. “It wasn’t like a movie opening,” actress Carrie Fisher, who played rebel leader Princess Leia, later told Time magazine. “It was like an earthquake.” Beginning with–in Fisher’s words–“a new order of geeks, enthusiastic young people with sleeping bags,” the anticipation of a revolutionary movie-watching experience spread like wildfire, causing long lines in front of movie theaters across the country and around the world.

A Google a Day asks a question on music: “What musical period is best described as an era of contrasts; e.g., between loud and soft, fast and slow?”

Daily Bread for 5.24.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Tuesday in town brings a high of eighty-three and a chance of late afternoon thundershowers.  Sunrise is 5:22 AM and sunset 8:20 PM, for 14h 57m 52s of daytime. The moon is a waning gibbous with 93.8% of its visible disk illuminated.

On this day in 1883, an engineering wonder opens to the public:

After 14 years and 27 deaths while being constructed, the Brooklyn Bridge over the East River is opened, connecting the great cities of New York and Brooklyn for the first time in history. Thousands of residents of Brooklyn and Manhattan Island turned out to witness the dedication ceremony, which was presided over by President Chester A. Arthur and New York Governor Grover Cleveland. Designed by the late John A. Roebling, the Brooklyn Bridge was the largest suspension bridge ever built to that date.

Yusuke Shinyama, Brooklyn Bridge in New York City
In Wisconsin’s history on this day in 1864, Union soldiers from our state see action in Northern Virginia:

1864 – (Civil War) Second Day of the Battle of North Anna, Virginia
On the second day of fighting at Hanover Junction, Virginia, Union troops crossed the North Anna River but were turned back. The 2nd, 6th, 7th, and 36th Wisconsin Infantry regiments participated in this battle.

A Google a Day asks about pop culture & animation: “What comedians were the inspiration for the names of the two hungry cats in the short that marked Tweety Bird’s first appearance?”

Daily Bread for 5.23.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Monday in town will be sunny and warm, with a high of eighty-two. Sunrise is 5:23 AM and sunset 8:19 PM, for 14h 56m 14s of daytime. The moon is a waning gibbous with 97.7% of its visible disk illuminated.

On this day in 1934, notorious bank robbers and murderers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow meet their end in Louisiana:

Shreveport, La., May 23 — Clyde Barrow, notorious Texas “bad man” and murderer, and his cigar-smoking, quick-shooting woman accomplice, Bonnie Parker, were ambushed and shot to death today in an encounter with Texas Rangers and Sheriff’s deputies.

The 24-year-old desperado, who was accused of twelve murders in the last two years, and his companion whizzed along a little-traveled, paved road near Gibsland, about fifty miles east of here, at eighty-five miles an hour in a high-speed gray automobile, rushing into a carefully-laid death trap.

Before they could use any of the weapons in the small arsenal they had with them, the Rangers and others in the posse riddled them and their car with a deadly hail of bullets.

The onrushing machine, with the dead man at the wheel, careened crazily for an instant and then catapulted into an embankment. While the wheels of the wrecked machine still whirled, the officers, taking no chances with the gunman who had tricked them so often, poured another volley of bullets into the machine.

The Wisconsin Historical Society records today in 1854 as a transportation first:

1854 – First Railroad Reaches Madison

On this date the Milwaukee and Mississippi railroad reached Madison, connecting the city with Milwaukee. When the cars pulled into the depot, thousands of people gathered to witness the ceremonial arrival of the first train, and an enormous picnic was held on the Capitol grounds for all the passengers who’d made the seven-hour trip from Milwaukee to inaugurate the line. [Source: Waukesha Chronicle, May 24, 1854; Wisconsin State Journal, June 1, 1924]

A Google a Day asks a science question: “The founder of the annual medical science awards that are often called “America’s Nobels” is also considered the founder of what field?”

Daily Bread for 5.22.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Sunday in town will be sunny with a high of seventy-nine. Sunrise is 5:24 AM and sunset 8:18 PM, for 14h 54m 31s of daytime. The moon is full today, with 99.6% of its visible disk illuminated.

Friday’s FW poll asked readers whether they thought that a soon-to-open museum’s offer of $20,000 for a meteorite was a fair price. Almost half of respondents (48.57%) thought that the price would be fair.

On this day in 1859, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is born. He passed away in 1930 of a heart attack, and the New York Times published an obituary upon his death, seventy-one years later.

On 5.22.1968, the Milwaukee Bucks became the Milwaukee Bucks:

1968 – Milwaukee Bucks Named
On this date “Milwaukee Bucks” was selected as the franchise name after 14,000 fans participated in a team-naming contest. 45 people suggested the name, one of whom, R.D. Trebilcox, won a car for his efforts. [Source: NBA.com]

Daily Bread for 5.21.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Saturday in Whitewater will be sunny in the morning, followed by a thirty-percent chance of afternoon showers. Sunrise is 5:25 AM and sunset 8:17 PM, for 14h 52m 47s of daytime. We’ve a full moon today, with 99.8% of its visible disk illuminated.

On this day in 1881, the Red Cross begins:

In Washington, D.C., humanitarians Clara Barton and Adolphus Solomons found the American National Red Cross, an organization established to provide humanitarian aid to victims of wars and natural disasters in congruence with the International Red Cross.

Barton, born in Massachusetts in 1821, worked with the sick and wounded during the American Civil War and became known as the “Angel of the Battlefield” for her tireless dedication. In 1865, President Abraham Lincoln commissioned her to search for lost prisoners of war, and with the extensive records she had compiled during the war she succeeded in identifying thousands of the Union dead at the Andersonville prisoner-of-war camp.

She was in Europe in 1870 when the Franco-Prussian War broke out, and she went behind the German lines to work for the International Red Cross. In 1873, she returned to the United States, and four years later she organized an American branch of the International Red Cross. The American Red Cross received its first U.S. federal charter in 1900. Barton headed the organization into her 80s and died in 1912.

On this day in 1673, explorers push on:

1673 – Marquette and Joliet Reach the Menominee
On or about May 21, 1673, Fr. Jacques Marquette, fur-trader Louis Joliet, and five French voyageurs pulled into a Menominee community near modern Marinette, Mich. Marquette wrote that when the Menominee learned that he and Joliet intended to try to descend the Mississippi River all the way to the sea, “They were greatly surprised to hear it, and did their best to dissuade me. They represented to me that I should meet nations who never show mercy to strangers, but break their heads without any cause; and that war was kindled between various peoples who dwelt upon our route, which exposed us to the further manifest danger of being killed by the bands of warriors who are ever in the field. They also said that the great river was very dangerous, when one does not know the difficult places; that it was full of horrible monsters, which devoured men and canoes together; that there was even a demon, who was heard from a great distance, who barred the way, and swallowed up all who ventured to approach him; finally that the heat was so excessive in those countries that it would inevitably cause our death.”

Read what Fr. Marquette said in reply, and follow the explorers down the Mississippi and back again on our pages devoted to Historic Diaries.

Daily Bread for 5.20.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Friday in town will be partly cloudy with a high of seventy-two.  Sunrise is 5:25 AM and sunset 8:16 PM, for 14h 51m 00s of daytime.  The moon is a waxing gibbous with 98.1% of its visible disk illuminated.

On 5.20.1873, a famous item of clothing’s inventors receive a patent: “San Francisco businessman Levi Strauss and Reno, Nevada, tailor Jacob Davis are given a patent to create work pants reinforced with metal rivets, marking the birth of one of the world’s most famous garments: blue jeans.”

On this day in 1991, a treaty dispute between the Ojibwe and Wisconsin ends:

On this day, the 17-year legal battle between Ojibwe Indians and the State of Wisconsin over 19th-century treaties involving rights to hunt, fish, and gather timber was put to rest. Dating from 1974, the suit originated after two Ojibwa were cited for spearfishing in off-reservation waters, and led to numerous racially-charged confrontations when subsequent court decisions validated Ojibwe spearfishing rights.

The court rulings split resources evenly between the Ojibwe and non-Indians, and rejected Ojibwe claims for money to compensate them for years of denial of their treaty rights. The chairmen of six Lake Superior Ojibwe bands explained the decision not to appeal as “a gesture of peace and friendship toward the people of Wisconsin,” while Wisconsin Attorney General James Doyle cited the risk of jeopardizing the state’s “many significant victories” in the battle if the state were to press forward. The history of treaty negotiations in Wisconsin, including the texts of all treaties and contemporary accounts by both Indian and white participants, are on the Treaty Councils page of Turning Points in Wisconsin History.[Source: Capital Times 5/20/1991, p.1]

A Google a Day asks a baseball question: “In April of 1993, a team record was set by the New York Mets for the largest attendance on opening day as they played a shutout against what team?”


Daily Bread for 5.19.16

Good morning, Whitewater.

Thursday in town will be sunny with a high of seventy. Sunrise is 5:26 AM and sunset is 8:15 PM, for 14h 49m 10s of daytime. The moon is a waxing gibbous with 98.7% of its visible disk illuminated.

On this day in 1588, the Spanish Armada sails for England, and defeat:

A giant Spanish invasion fleet was completed by 1587, but Sir Francis Drake’s daring raid on the port of Cadiz delayed the Armada’s departure until May 1588. The Invincible Armada consisted of 130 ships and carried 2,500 guns and 30,000 men, two-thirds of them soldiers. Delayed by storms, the Armada did not reach the southern coast of England until late July. By that time the British were ready.

On July 21, the outnumbered English navy began bombarding the seven-mile-long line of Spanish ships from a safe distance, taking full advantage of their superior long-range guns. The Spanish Armada continued to advance during the next few days, but its ranks were thinned considerably by the English assault. On July 28, the Spanish retreated to Calais, France, but the English sent ships loaded with explosives into the crowded harbor, which took a heavy toll on the Armada. The next day, an attempt to reach the Netherlands was thwarted by a small Dutch fleet, and the Spanish were forced to face the pursuing English fleet. The superior English guns again won the day, and the Armada retreated north to Scotland.

Battered by storms and suffering from a lack of supplies, the Armada sailed on a difficult journey back to Spain through the North Sea and around Ireland. By the time the last of the surviving fleet reached Spain in October, half of the original armada was destroyed. Queen Elizabeth’s decisive defeat of the Invincible Armada made England a world-class naval power and introduced effective long-range weapons into naval warfare for the first time, ending the era of boarding and close-quarter fighting.

On this day in 1675, explorer Jacques Marquette passes away:

Fr. Jacques Marquette (1636-1675) died on this date in 1675 near Ludington, Michigan, at the age of 39. After the famous voyage down the Mississippi that he made in 1673 with Louis Joliet, Marquette vowed to return to the Indians he’d met in Illinois. He became ill during that visit in the spring of 1675 and was en route to Canada when he passed away. His diary of the trip is online in our American Journeys collection.

A Google a Day asks a history question: “Who, along with her daughter Caroline and others, stitched the original stars and stripes that inspired the words, that were put to music by John Stafford Smith?”